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Title: Regulated secretion is impaired in AtT-20 endocrine cells stably transfected with botulinum neurotoxin type A light chain
Author: Aguado Tomàs, Fernando
Gombau, Lourdes
Majó, Glòria
Marsal Tebé, Jordi
Blanco Fernández, Jerónimo
Blasi Cabús, Joan
Keywords: Toxina botulínica
Proteïnes de membrana
Teixit nerviós
Hormones pituïtàries
Botulinum toxin
Membrane proteins
Nerve tissue
Pituitary hormones
Issue Date: 10-Oct-1997
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Abstract: Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) inhibits neurotransmitter release by specific cleavage of SNAP-25, a synaptosome-associated protein also expressed in the ACTH secretory cell line AtT-20. Expression of light chain BoNT/A (L-BoNT/A) gene transfected into AtT-20 cells resulted in a cleaved form of SNAP-25 indistinguishable from that generated by bona fide BoNT/A. L-BoNT/A-transfected cells showed no difference in replication rate, viability, or phenotype, compared with control AtT-20 cells. In contrast, L-BoNT/A-transfected cells could not be induced to secrete ACTH upon stimulation by 8-bromo-cAMP or KCl. In addition, alpha-latrotoxin induced ACTH release from control cells, but not from L-BoNT/A-transfected cells. These experiments suggest an important role for SNAP-25 in regulated secretion from AtT-20 cells and underline the usefulness of this cell system as a tool for the study of the molecular mechanism of peptide hormone secretion.
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It is part of: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1997, vol. 272, num. 41, p. 26005-26008
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ISSN: 0021-9258
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)
Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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